North American Art
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born: Henderson, New York; 4 September 1846
died: Heidelberg, Germany; 1 June 1912
Daniel Burnham was a leading architect in Chicago. His architectural firm were influential in designing and constructing steel skeleton buildings that led to the modern skyscraper. The Flatiron building in New York is probably their most famous building.
23rd Street, Broadway, and 5th Avenue
New York, New York, US
When it was completed in 1902, the Fuller Building was the tallest building in the world. Fuller was the construction company that owned the building, but no one called it that — it was immediately dubbed the Flatiron building after its shape. The Flatiron is a mix of Gothic and Renaissance styles. Its twenty-two stories are divided into three parts, beginning, middle and end, like a classical Greek column. Rusticated limestone is detailed from ground to sky. This sheer triangular tower is only six feet wide at its rounded narrow end. The acutely angled corners give the building an exaggerated and dramatic perspective.
As the city's first "skyscraper", New Yorkers worried that it would topple over. In the century since its construction the Flatiron's only problem has been that city grime has settled into the crevices of the terra cotta flowers and Grecian faces decorating the building. Even this has only served to accentuate its details.
It had been possible to build tall buildings for at least 30 years, but they were not built primarily because few were willing to occupy the top floors since there was no easy way to get there. The Flatiron building used elevators to overcome this difficulty.
born: Boston, Massachusets; 17 October 1859
died: East Hampton, NY; 27 Aug 1943
Forty-four more Hassam Pictures
born: Hoboken, NJ, US; 1 January 1864
died: New York, NY, US; 13 July 1946
Stieglitz was a famous American photographer and passionate advocate of photography as an art. In 1902 he founded the seminal Photo-Secession Group as a protest against the conventional photography of the time. He had a gallery: The Little Galleries of the Photo-Secession which also exhibited and sold photography and modern art at 291 Fifth Avenue, New York. The gallery soon became known as its street address, "Gallery 291". Stieglitz' best known photographs are a print series of his wife, Georgia O'Keeffe, and his studies of cloud patterns.
born: Cincinnati, Ohio; 25 June 1865
died: New York City; 12 July 1929
Henri was the leader of The Eight and a leader and member of the Ashcan School as well as an influential teacher of art.
Four more Henri pictures.
born: Williamsport, Pennsilvania; 13 August 1867
died: New York City; 29 October 1933
Luks painter and member of the Ashcan School.
Two more Luks paintings.
born: Phadelphia, Penn; 25 July 1870
died: Plainfield, New Hampshire; 10 March 1966
b. July 25, 1870, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.
d. March 10, 1966, Plainfield, N.H.
The most popular commercial artist in the United States in the first half of the 20th century.
Fourteen more Parrish pictures
born: Philadelphia, Pennsilvania; 13 March 1870
died: Westport, Conneticut; 22 May 1938
Glackens was an American artist, who paintined street scenes and middle-class urban life rejecting 19th-century academic art.
Nine more Glackens pictures.
born: New York, NY, US; 17 July 1871
died: New York, Ny, US; 13 January 1956
Six more Feininger pictures.
born: Lock Haven, Pa.; 2 August 1871
died: Hanover, N.H.; 7 September 1951
American painter, etcher and lithographer member of The Eight or Ashcan School.
Three more Sloan pictures.
born: Lewiston, Maine, US; 4 January 1877
died: Ellsworth, Maine; US; 2 September 1943
American painter who traveled extensively in Germany and became an avowed Nazi.
Sixteen more Hartley pictures.
born: Columbus, Ohio; 12 August 1882
died: New York City; 8 January 1925
Student of Robert Henri and member of the Ascan School of painting.
American painter and lithographer noted for his paintings of action scenes and portraits.
Seven more Bellows pictures.
born: Nyack, NY, US; 22 July 1882
died: New York, NY, US; 15 May 1967
Thirty-three more Hopper pictures.
born: Needham, Massachusetts, US; 22 October 1882
died: US; 19 October 1945 (The car he was driving was struck by a train.)
Father and teacher of the artist Andrew Wyeth.
Many more N C Wyeth pictures and a summary chronological biography.
born: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; 16 July 1883
died: Dobbs Ferry, N.Y.; 7 May 1965
Twenty more pre-war Sheeler pictures.
Five more post-war Sheeler pictures.
born: Lancaster, Penn.; 8 November 1883
died: Lancaster, Penn.; 23 October 1935
Eighteen more Demuth pictures.
born: Brooklyn, NY, US; 1883
died: (on a visit) Flordia, US; 1962
Ten more Wiggins pictures.
born: Guanajuato, Mexico; 1886
died: Mexico City, Mexico; 1957
Contraversial Mexican artist and painter; married to the artist Frida Kahlo.
Six more Rivera pictures.
North American Art